Arab Geopolitics 2020 – Working Meeting
Rome, November 12, 2020
Organised by the NATO Defense College Foundation, in co-operation with the NATO Political Affairs and Security Policy Division and the Euro-Gulf Information Centre.
TOPICS OF DISCUSSION
The working meeting is essentially a discussion mechanism that aims at examining, on the backdrop of a political and strategic situation further detailed, four relevant subjects among practitioners at the international level:
- The present role and potential improvements of NATO partnerships in the area (MD and ICI);
- Security interests in the area spanning from Mauritania to the Gulf;
- The possible role of major Allies\ EU members in shaping adapted security policies in the Southern Region, also vis-à-vis the renewed Russian presence in the Mediterranean;
- Possible short-medium term future scenarios requiring a NATO and EU response.
Over the last months, the MENA region has been shaken by major events that pose a challenge to the entire area and have the potential to redefine the geopolitical order.
At the beginning of this year, the Coronavirus pandemic further exacerbated social, economic and political conditions in the area. Civil protests, ongoing in Algeria, Iraq and Lebanon, asking for the renovation of the political élite and sustainable economic changes, were forced to an end.
Gulf countries accumulated unquantifiable debts and were obliged to cut their public spending due to the lack of revenue from low oil demand and low prices. It represents another risk for the destabilisation of the region but, at the same time, an opportunity to reflect on the diversification of energy resources, involving the entire Euro-Mediterranean area, as a key element towards the achievement of regional reconstruction and sustainable development.
This persistent uncertainty has been increased by the vacuum left by the United States that encouraged other major external actors to influence the region prioritising perceived national interests rather than international stability. Recently, the Abraham Accords, expected to normalise diplomatic relations between Israel and some of the Gulf country, still have to be measured against concrete development, leaving open some questions on the emerging geopolitical developments vis-à-vis an isolated Iran.
The evolving role of the Alliance as well as the European Union has to be rethought and analysed in this volatile and fragmented context.
- Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo, President, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome
- Francesca Astorri, Policy and media advisor, Embassy of the State of Qatar, Rome
- Chloe Berger, Faculty Adviser and Researcher, NATO Defense College, Rome
- Vincenzo Camporini, Scientific Advisor, International Affairs Institute, Rome
- Marco Carnelos, President, MC Geopolicy srl, Rome
- Andrea Cellino, Head, North Africa Desk, Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces, Geneva (Virtual)
- Alessandra Ermellino, Member, Chamber of Deputies, Rome
- Fabio Nicolucci, Press Public Information Officer, MFA expert for the European External Action Service, EuCAP Mali Mission, Bamako
- Gaja Pellegrini Bettoli, Independent journalist, Rome
- Alessandro Politi, Director, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome
- Umberto Profazio, Maghreb Analyst, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome (Virtual)
- Leone Radiconcini, Independent Analyst, Middle East, Rome
- Matthew Robinson, Managing Director, Euro-Gulf Information Centre, Rome
- Giovanni Romani, Head, Middle East and North Africa Section, Political Affairs and Security Policy Division, NATO HQ, Brussels (Virtual)
- Marcello Scalisi, Director, Mediterranean Universities Union, Rome
- Stefano Silvestri, Vice President, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome
- Elisabetta Trenta, former Italian Ministry of Defense
Balkan Perspectives 2020.
The Fight for a Timely Inclusion
Rome – September 28, 2020
Arab Geopolitics 2020.
The Middle East: What kind of future?
Rome – July 27, 2020
Geopolitcs, Peace & COVID-19 (Joint Webinar)
Zoom – June 18, 2020
Mediterraneo Orientale: un bacino di crisi
(Webinar congiunto – ITA)
Zoom – 17 Giugno, 2020
Space Strategies 2020. The critical dimension of space: new threats, new technologies
Zoom – 5 June, 2020
Talk About Crude. Fluctuating Oil and COVID-19 (Joint Webinar)
Zoom – 3 June, 2020
The Middle East after Coronavirus
Zoom – 21 April, 2020
Confronting Criminal/Terrorist Threats. The reshaping of non-state actors
Rome – 9 December, 2019
Arab Geopolitics after the Caliphate.
How to exit the fragmentation trap
Rome – 9 October, 2019
Book Presentation “Shaping Security Horizons. Strategic Trends (2012-2019)”
Rome – 15 July, 2019
NATO at 70: Refocusing for Change?
Washington D.C. – 27 June, 2019
Balkan Perspectives – Adapting the partnership and integration paths
Rome – 16 May, 2019
Targeting the de-materialised “Caliphate”. Extremism, radicalisation and illegal trafficking
Rome – 6 December, 2018
Book presentation “I Balcani occidentali al bivio. La NATO, KFOR e il ruolo dell’Italia”
Rome – 17 October, 2018
Afghanistan and Central Asia: Looming priorities and regional un-balances
Rome – 4 October 2018
NATO versus the new global threats
Rome – 15 June 2018
Africa in Action: Tailoring security to real needs and threats
Rome – 8-9 May 2018
The Western Balkans at a Crossroads
Rome – 6-7 December 2017
Arab Geopolitics from Turmoil – Balances, Stability and Regional Order
Rome – 5-6 October 2017
Balkan Networks and Stability
Rome – 6-7 April 2017
Rome – 7 December 2016
Deep Maghreb: (in)security and stability – North Africa and its Sahel dimension
Rome – 30 November 2016
CBRN Risks in Maritime and Land Containers Transport
Rome – 25-27 May 2016
NATO in a world of disorder
Rome – 25 May 2016
Arab Geopolitics in Turmoil
Rome – 25-26 February 2016
Eurasia and armed radicalism
Berlin – 27 January 2016
NATO Summit 2016 Advisory Panel meeting
Rome – 25 September 2015
The shaping of Eastern Europe
Rome – 18-19 May 2015
The futures of integration
Rome – 7-8 October 2014
Rome – 13-14 February 2014
Afghanistan to 2014 and beyond
Rome – 7-8 February 2013
NATO and the Arab Spring
Rome – 17-18 November 2011